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Experiments (Results)

Once your experiment is up and running, you will be able to track how it is performing in the Experiment Results tab. This can be found on any Experiment page under the Results tab at the top.

There, you can update your analysis, configure how you want your analysis to run, and see the impact of your experiment on your metrics.

Experiment Results Table

The heart of the experiment results page is the table of results. What you will see will depend a little bit on whether you are using our Bayesian or our Frequentist engine, as well as whether your experiment has 2 variations or if it has 3+, but in either case the first two data columns will look the same, and each row will represent one comparison between baseline and variation for one metric.

Results Table

In both engines, the first two data columns are:

Baseline - the average value of the metric in the baseline variation; either a percentage of users in that variation (for proportion metrics) or an average value for mean or ratio metrics. Variation the average value of the metric in the comparison variation.

For both columns, the raw data in grey underneath shows the numerator and denominator totals.

Bayesian Engine

Chance to Win tells you the probability that the variation is better. Anything above 95% (a customizable threshold set at the organization level) is highlighted green indicating a very clear winner. Anything below 5% is highlighted red, indicating a very clear loser. Anything in between is grayed out indicating it's inconclusive. If that's the case, there's either no measurable difference or you haven't gathered enough data yet.

Furthermore, we include tooltips for Risk, which captures the average loss in a metric if the variation were actually to be worse than control. We use this tooltip to let you know about "risky" cases. For example, in cases like in the screenshot above, the chance to win is above 50% for a few metrics, but the average loss if the baseline was actually better is above the risk threshold, indicating that shipping the variation still has substantial risk. More information about risk is available in a tooltip when you mouseover the result:

Results Tooltip

The graph and the % Change column show you how much better/worse the variation is compared to the baseline. It is a probability density graph and the thicker the area, the more likely the true percent change will be there. As you collect more data, the tails of the graphs will shorten, indicating more certainty around the estimates.

Frequentist Engine

If you select the "Frequentist" engine, when you navigate to the results tab to view and update the results, you will see the following results table:

Results Table (Frequentist)

The P-value column is the probability that the experiment effect for a varitopm would have been observed if the true effect was zero. When the p-value is less than 0.05 (a customizable threshold set at the organization level) and the experiment effect is in the preferred direction, we highlight the cell green, indicating it is a clear winner. When the p-value is less than 0.05 and the experiment effect is opposite the preferred direction, we highlight the cell red, indicating the variant is a clear loser on this metric.

The graph now represents a 95% confidence interval (or 100*(1 - α\alpha)% confidence interval if you have a custom significance threshold other than 0.05).

The % Change column is unaffected, although we now also represent the width of the confidence interval in grey.


In the new results view (as of GrowthBook 2.4), guardrail metrics are treated much like regular metrics, but they are placed in a separate part of the results view, have an additional tooltip warning if they are trending in the wrong direction, and are not part of any p-value corrections in the frequentist engine (in other words, even with p-value corrections applied, these results will be more sensitive to negative or positive trends).

Results Table Settings

There are several settings at the top of the results table that allow you to control your results.


This option allows you to filter which variations are shown in the results table, in the case that you have 3+ variations in your experiment.

Baseline Variation

This option allows you to change which variation is the baseline variation. This is particularly useful in the case when you have one control and two treatment variations. In this case, our result defaults to showing you the statistics comparing each treatment variation versus the baseline variation, but you may want to additionally analyze how the treatment variations compare to one another.

In that case, you can switch the baseline to be one of the treatment variations to directly compare treatment 1 to treatment 2.

Difference Types

A "difference type" is the way we measure the difference in variations. There are three difference types that you can select from"

  • Relative - The default, this is the relative change or "uplift" of your variation when compared to the baseline. Specifically, the Relative change is 100%μtμcμc100\% * \frac{\mu_t - \mu_c}{\mu_c} where mutmu_t and μc\mu_c are the averages in the treatment and baseline variations respectively. Effects here tell you that the average user value in the variation was X% greater than the average user value in treatment. For example, if your metric is Revenue and your baseline average is 10.00 and your variation average is 10.31, then your Relative change is 3.1%.
  • Absolute - This is simply the difference in average values across your variations --- μtμc\mu_t - \mu_c. This can help you understand the raw difference in average values, e.g. the treatment leads to an increase in revenue of $0.31 per user in the above example.
  • Scaled Impact - This helps you understand the daily total (as opposed to average) effect that your experiment would have had if 100% of users that would have been exposed to your treatment variation had gotten that treatment variation. It is computed as (μtμc)(Nt/pt)(1/d)(\mu_t - \mu_c) * (N_t / p_t) * (1 / d), where NtN_t is the number of users that are in your treatment variation, ptp_t is the percent of all traffic that is in that variation, and dd is the number of days in the current phase used for the results. So if your experiment ran on 10% of traffic for 20 days, with 5% going to the treatment variation, and there were 5,000 users in your treatment variation, the scaled impact would be 0.315,000/0.05/20=1,5500.31 * 5,000 / 0.05 / 20 = 1,550 dollars per day. This implies that this experiment would have lead to a 1,5501,550 increase in total revenue per day if every user that could have been exposed the variation had been exposed to the variation.

These difference types can have slightly different statistics because for Relative effects we need to account for the uncertainty in estimating μc\mu_c (which forces us to use a delta method derived variance to properly handle). For more details, see the Statistical Details.

Furthermore, with CUPED enabled, you may find that the changes are not exactly the same as the difference in raw variation averages, due to CUPED adjusting those averages under the hood to reduce variance.


Dimensions allow you to slice and dice your data, but require additional queries to compute.

User or Experiment

If you have defined dimensions for your data source, you can use the Dimension dropdown to drill down into your results. For SQL integrations (e.g. non-MixPanel) GrowthBook enforces one dimension per user to prevent statistical bias and to simplify analyses. For more on how GrowthBook picks a dimension when more than one are present for a user, see the Dimensions documentation. This is very useful for debugging (e.g. if Safari is down, but the other browsers are fine, you may have an implementation bug) or for better understanding your experiment effects.

Be careful. The more metrics and dimensions you look at, the more likely you are to see a false positive. If you find something that looks surprising, it's often worth a dedicated follow-up experiment to verify that it's real.


The date dimension shows a time series of the count of users first exposed to an experiment, as well as effects when comparing users first bucketed on each day.

Take the following results, for example.

Experiment Date Results

In the first graph, we see the number of users who were first exposed to the experiment on that day.

In the second graph, we see the uplift for the two variations relative to the control for all users first bucketed on that day. That means that the values on October 7 show that users first exposed to the experiment on October 7 had X% uplift relative to control, when pooling all of the data in their relevant metric window. It does not mean show the difference in conversions across variations on October 7 for all previously bucketed users.

That analysis, and other time series analyses, are on GrowthBook's roadmap.

Experiment Health

By default, GrowthBook runs several health checks on your experiment to help you diagnose if there are any issues with the configuration.

Health checks appear in two places in the app:

  1. On the results tab -- we insert Experiment Balance and Multiple Exposures warnings for all experiments that might be untrustworthy right into your results tab
  2. On the health tab -- if you have health traffic queries enabled, we can run additional queries to further dig into any experiment health issues

Experiment Balance (SRM)

Every experiment automatically checks for a Sample Ratio Mismatch (SRM) and will warn you if found. This happens when you expect a certain traffic split (e.g. 50/50) but you see something significantly different (e.g. 46/54). We only show this warning if the p-value is less than 0.001 (customizable in your Organization Settings), which means it's extremely unlikely to occur by chance.

SRM Warning

Like the warning says, you shouldn't trust the results since they are likely misleading. Instead, find and fix the source of the bug and restart the experiment. You can find more information about potential sources of the problems in our troubleshooting guide.

Under the hood, we are conducting a standard chi-squared test for Sample Ratio Mismatch, which compares the distribution of observed units to the expected units and computes a p-value for the probability of observing this traffic split if the traffic split were truly unbiased.

Multiple Exposures

This alert indicates that there a substantial number of users (or other unit) in your experiment that have been exposed to multiple variations. At its core, this means that your Experiment Assignment Query is returning data that has rows that look like the following:

1232022-08-23 10:53:06my-button-test1

This indicates that for some reason your identifier type (in this case user_id) is being tracked with multiple values of variation_id and it is impossible to tell which variation to assign to that user. This can happen if:

  • Your SDK is misaligned with GrowthBook's identifier types for some reason. For example, it's possible that the identifier type you're using as the hash attribute in the SDK is different from the one you're firing in the trackingCallback to your warehouse. Ensure that the id you're using to hash users is the same one that you see in your data warehouse for a given user.
  • If you're using something other than GrowthBook for experiment assignment, there are many possible reasons for this issue:
    • A bug with the third party solution's hashing algorithm
    • A mismatch between the identifier type that you have set up in GrowthBook and the ID that is being used to assign variations in that third-party solution
    • A mistaken in your Experiment Assignment Query that is returning the wrong variation_id or identifier type for a given experiment.

Health Tab


To get access to the health tab, you need to enable us to run one additional query per experiment analysis. You can do this on a health tab for any experiment if you have the requisite permissions to run queries.

The health tab provides you with more insights on the traffic to your experiment over time and across dimensions.

Experiment Health Tab

Experiment Traffic - A plot of experiment units by the first date they were exposed to the experiment. You can look at daily traffic or cumulative traffic. If you have your experiment dimensions configured with pre-defined slices, we will also return traffic splits by dimension in this tab. For example, if you have a browser dimension with pre-defined slices, we will show you the traffic splits by browser.

Experiment Balance Check - A table with information on the actual number of experiment units, the expected number, and the differences between the percent traffic allocated to each bucket.

We also provide you with checks by any pre-defined dimension slices you have configured for your experiment dimensions.

Adding Dimensions to Health Tab

Your health tab shows dimension breakdowns only for Experiment Dimensions which have pre-defined slices.

When setting up the health tab, you will be prompted to configure your Experiment Dimensions to have pre-defined slices that can be used in the health tab. This is optional, but we require pre-defined slices for your experiment dimensions to compute dimension traffic and health checks so that we can run only one additional query per analysis and get reliable results.

If you want to refresh your dimension slices or change your dimension definitions, you should do so via the Data Source page for the related data source. You can read more about that here.